Squire & Company Named NetSuite’s VAR of the Month

Squire has been named in the month of August, 2017, NetSuite’s VAR of the month!

Q&A with Reuben Cook at Squire & Company


What qualifies your company as the VAR of the month?

As we compiled the results from last year, our NetSuite practice has grown by 627% since the prior year.



What makes your company successful?

There are two things we believe to be a competitive advantage for our firm as a VAR.

First, we staff our team with individuals who are both accountants and technologists. Most of our advisors are CPAs and hold certifications in the products they support. Our clients appreciate our consultants’ understanding of both the business processes and the accounting impact as they carry out the technical configuration.

Second, we take a process-oriented approach to our implementations, which extends beyond the application itself. To ensure a successful go-live, the users should understand the business process before it enters the system, the process within the system, and what happens after the system. A lot of implementers focus their implementation around functional areas and don’t even ask about anything outside of the application. The reality, however, is that business processes span across functional areas, occur in and out of the system, and they need owners to resolve conflicting needs across the functional areas. A good example of this is the purchase of inventory. This procurement process includes Supply Chain, the Warehouse, Accounting, and may include Sales to help identify demand. When all of these functional areas are focused on the process as a team, the ERP will support their business process and not act as a distraction from it.

How are you growing your firm? How do you plan to continue to grow?

Our firm’s ERP success is primarily related to our industry specialties within the Wholesale/Distribution, Manufacturing, Software, and Direct Selling verticals.

We plan to continue this growth by identifying the unique needs of these industries and enhancing solutions specifically designed to meet their common needs. This allows us to provide the depth our clients are looking for, while allowing our resources to be used efficiently from client to client. We provide a holistic approach to include resources beyond just the ERP, including accounting, finance, compliance, tax, and strategic business needs.

What opportunities do you see in the market?

When we look at the ERP market in 2017 and beyond, there is a continued adoption and shift toward cloud solutions. There will be a tipping point soon where most decision makers for ERP initiatives within a company have used or adopted a cloud solution at a previous company. Past experience with a cloud ERP is a huge enabler for future cloud purchases. In 2016, the percentage of companies using on-premise software as a primary financial system dropped to 32 percent. Cloud ERPs are still grabbing market share from on-premise systems for the time being, but will soon be competing against itself, so identifying the best of the cloud will become even more important.

Secondly, the practice of integrating systems together is becoming more and more commonplace. Now that the technology can support effective real-time processing, businesses want their systems in a seamless ecosystem, and sometimes include their business partners within that ecosystem. The days of having independent and disparate CRM, e-commerce, ERP, and warehouse management systems are over. They need to either be under one roof or talk to each other efficiently. Par for the course is evolving and ERP implementers can either get on board or become obsolete.


The following article below  is from: https://www.accountingtoday.com/news/squire-company-named-netsuites-var-of-the-month 

Squire and Company, P.C. Named 2017 Accounting Today’s ‘Best Accounting Firms to Work for’

Christopher Miller                                      FOR IMMEDIATE release: 8/8/2017

Squire and Company, P.C.



Orem, UT: Squire and Company, P.C., was recently named as one of the 2017 Accounting Today’s Best Accounting Firms to Work for. Accounting Today has partnered with Best Companies Group to identify companies that have excelled in creating quality workplaces for employees.


This survey and awards program is designed to identify, recognize and honor the best employers in the accounting industry, benefiting the industry’s economy, workforce and businesses. The list is made up of 100 companies.


To be considered for participation, companies had to fulfill the following eligibility requirements:

  • Must be an accounting firm.
  • Have a facility in the United States;
  • Have a minimum of 15 employees working in the United States;
  • Must be in business a minimum of 1 year


Companies from across the United States entered the two-part survey process to determine Accounting Today’s Best Accounting Firms to Work for. The first part consisted of evaluating each nominated company’s workplace policies, practices, philosophy, systems and demographics. This part of the process was worth approximately 25% of the total evaluation. The second part consisted of an employee survey to measure the employee experience. This part of the process was worth approximately 75% of the total evaluation. The combined scores determined the top companies and the final ranking. Best Companies Group managed the overall registration and survey process, analyzed the data and determined the final ranking.


“It is a great honor to be recognized as one of the “Best Accounting Firms to Work For”.  We strive to create a culture and an environment where our team members can thrive professionally, personally and as a part of our local communities” said K. Tim Larsen, Managing Partner of Squire and Company, P.C. “Our people are our number one asset and any efforts made to facilitate growth and development are returned many times over as we serve our fantastic clients. We are constantly trying to improve our culture, our environment and the individual development of our people”.


For more information on Accounting Today’s Best Accounting Firms to Work for program, visit www.BestAccountingFirmsToWorkFor.com. To see the full list, visit https://www.accountingtoday.com/news/accounting-today-names-2017-best-firms-to-work-for 





Tax-Deductible Expenses: Are You Recording All of Them?

2017 income tax preparation seems a long way off. Make it easier by tracking all the deductions you can take.

You’ve heard it said before: Tax planning should be a year-round process. It’s so true. Your life will be a lot easier early next year when all your tax forms start rolling in.

Forms like 1099s and W-2s do a lot of the tracking for you. You only need to transfer data over to your IRS tax forms and schedules. But what about the daily stuff, the expenses you incur as a part of your workday that no one else is documenting? There are a lot of tax-deductible costs that can really add up when it’s time to file.

The IRS has two criteria for evaluating the validity of business expenses. First, is it ordinary? Is it something that other companies in your trade or profession would commonly buy? Second, is it necessary? Is it “…helpful and appropriate?”

Warning: Some expenses that you think might be deductible are not. Obviously, you can’t claim the costs of personal items. The IRS specifies two other types of expenses that can’t be deducted: Capital Expenses and those used the calculate the Cost of Goods Sold. Questions? Ask us.


Pulling together all that numbers required for the IRS Schedule C can be challenging. Let us know if you have questions.


Here are some examples of expenses that you might not consider, but which should be recorded as they occur so you don’t forget about them come tax time.


Advertising and Promotion

Some of these expenses are obvious. For example, you might report printing costs for brochures, ad space bought, and postage for mailers and other business correspondence. But there’s much more that fits into this category. Think about everything you do that helps promote your business, like expenses related to:

  • Business cards
  • Team sponsorships
  • Your website (including startup and maintenance fees)
  • Graphic design
  • Workshops/webinars



Do you have any kind of business insurance, like liability or malpractice? Your premiums are deductible.


Car and Truck Expenses

Understandably, you can only deduct expenses for miles driven for business purposes. If you have a vehicle—either owned or leased—that you also use for personal driving part of the time, you’ll need to track those two separately.

There are two options for calculating business mileage: Actual Expenses and Standard Mileage. To calculate the latter, you’d multiple the number of business miles driven by 53.5 cents for tax year 2017, then add tolls and parking fees. The Actual Expense method is more complicated; it involves many costs, and recognizes depreciation of the vehicle. Check with us if you’re planning to claim expenses for a car or truck, as there are additional rules governing this deduction.


Postage and Office Supplies

Yes, they’re deductible if you need them for your business.


Meals and Entertainment

Familiarize yourself with the rules for this one. They’re complicated, and the IRS looks closely at such deductions.


Business Use of Your Home

Ditto. There are all kinds of regulations, restrictions, and exceptions here, even if you use the simplified method that the IRS introduced a few years ago. Further, the home office deduction can be an audit red flag.

The rules are very specific and very rigid. For example, even if you use your home’s land line for business, you can’t deduct it. Add another line for business, and you can.


Professional and Legal Fees

If you pay an individual or firm for services provided to help you operate your business, those fees are often deductible. This includes lawyers, accountants, and tax preparers, of course, but as always, there are exceptions. You can’t usually, for example, deduct attorneys’ fees if you were getting legal help to buy business assets.


Dealing with Details

As you can see, there are many allowable business expenses that require meticulous recordkeeping. You can, of course, do this on paper or in a spreadsheet. There are cloud-based applications specifically designed for this purpose. If you’re interested in checking these out, let us know. We’re always available to help you plan for future tax filings.


Hired Your First Employee? Your Tax Obligations

It’s a major milestone for you, but it comes with a lot of paperwork that must be done correctly.

Bringing a new employee into your business is reason to celebrate. You’ve done well enough as a sole proprietor that you can’t handle the workload by yourself anymore.

Onboarding your first worker, though, comes with a great deal of extra effort for you at first. You have to show him or her the ropes so you can offload some of the extra weight you’ve been carrying.

But first things first. Before your employee even shows up for the first day of work, you should have assembled all the paperwork required to keep you compliant with the IRS and other federal and state agencies.


A New Number

As a one-person company, you’ve been using your Social Security number as your tax ID. You’re an employer now, so you’ll need an Employer Identification Number (EIN). You can apply for one here.

The IRS’s EIN Assistant walks you through the process of applying for an Employer Identification Number (EIN).

Once you’ve completed the steps in the IRS’s EIN Assistant, you’ll receive your EIN right away, and can start using it to open a business bank account, apply for a business license, etc.

You’ll also need an EIN before you start paying your employee. It’s required on the  Form W-4. If you’ve ever worked for a business yourself, you’ve probably filled out this form. As an employer now, you should provide one to your new hire on the first day. When it’s completed, it will help you determine how much federal income tax to withhold every payday. If you’re not bringing in a full-time employee but, rather, an independent contractor, you won’t be responsible for withholding and paying income taxes for that individual. You’ll need to supply him or her with a Form W-9.

Note: Payroll processing is probably the most complex element of small business accounting. If you don’t have any experience with it, you’ll probably want to use an online payroll application. After you’re set up on one of these websites, you enter the hours worked every pay period. The site calculates tax withholding and payroll taxes due, then prints or direct deposits paychecks. Let us know if you want some guidance on this.

Don’t forget about state taxes if your state requires them, and any local obligations. The IRS maintains a page with links to each state’s website. You can get information about doing business in your geographical area, which includes taxation requirements.


More Forms

You also have to be in contact with your state to report a new hire (same goes if you ever re-hire someone). The Small Business Administration (SBA) can be helpful here, as it is in many other aspects of managing a small business. The organization maintains a list of links to state entities here.

All employees are required to fill out a Form I-9 on the first day of a new job.

New employees must also prove that they’re legally eligible to work in the United States. To do this, they complete a Form I-9 from the Department of Homeland Security. As their employer, you’re charged with verifying that the information provided is accurate by looking at one or a combination of documents (U.S. Passport, driver’s license and birth certificate, etc.). By signing this form, you’re stating that you’ve done that.

You can also use the U.S. government’s E-Verify online tool to confirm eligibility.


A Helping Hand

The Department of Labor has a great website for new employers. The FirstStep Employment Law Advisor helps employers understand what DOL federal employment laws apply to them and what recordkeeping they they’re required to do.

Please consider us a resource, too, as you take on a new employee. Preparing for a complex new set of tax obligations will be a challenge. We’d like to see you get everything right from the start.

A Tragedy at Squire

Liz Bawden passed away suddenly in California on June 2nd, 2017, while traveling for business. Her contagious laugh and eternal optimism and enthusiasm will be remembered by all who had the pleasure of interacting with her. She was a valued member of our team since 2015, and she will be missed. Liz left behind three children: Gabby, Ryan, and Brett. Funds collected will go to help support them. http://www.youcaring.com/lizbawden

6/15/17 Update –

Liz’s funeral will be held Saturday, June 17 at 12:00pm at the Deer Creek Ward (1102 South Center Street, Midway, Utah).  There will be a viewing Friday, June 16 from 6:00pm to 8:00pm and from 11:00am to 12:00pm on Saturday (one hour prior to the funeral), both at the Deer Creek Ward.


Her obituary can be found at: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/deseretnews/obituary.aspx?n=elizabeth-bawden&pid=185781732



Are You Protecting Yourself from Tax Identity Theft?

The IRS has thwarted some identity theft attempts, but thieves are still stealing billions of dollars every year from taxpayers.


Another annual income tax deadline has come and gone. Maybe you had to pay in, but perhaps you were owed a refund. If the latter is true, did you receive it?

A lot of taxpayers didn’t, because hackers swooped in and stole their sensitive tax-related information. Tax identity theft is a serious problem, despite the IRS’s efforts to stop it.

But there are steps you can take to keep from being a victim, some of which are simply a matter of common sense.  For example, consider the security of any wireless network you use when you’re working on your taxes. Don’t ever do so on a public network, and make sure your home or office wireless is password protected.

Offline Risks                 

You don’t have to be online to be at risk for tax identity theft. Hackers can grab your personal information in other ways. For example, do you ever carry your tax-related papers back and forth to work or some other location? Know where they are at all times; don’t ever leave them laying around where someone can copy your Social Security number and other details.


Always be aware of your surroundings. If there are other people around when you’re working on your taxes—if you’re in a coffee shop or library, for example—make sure no one is reading over your shoulder.

Phone calls can be risky. A good rule of thumb is never provide someone who calls you with any sensitive personal data – unless you can verify it was a call you were expecting, like one from your bank or a medical office. When you place a call to a legitimate number, it’s generally okay.

Other Traps

You’d think that a call from the IRS would be safe. In reality, the IRS doesn’t ask for personal information over the phone. They send letters through the U.S. Mail. If you ever get a phone call from someone who claims to be from the agency and is demanding some sort of payment immediately, hang up. This is a popular phone scam. You can always contact the IRS directly to see if there is some sort of issue.

Don’t make a practice of carrying your Social Security card with you. Keep it in a safe place unless you absolutely need it away from home for some reason. Also:

  • File your return early to keep a hacker from getting in line for your refund in front of you.
  • Reduce your refund by adjusting your withholdings at work. It’s nice to get that big payment after you file, but couldn’t you use that money throughout the year?
  • Request direct deposit of your refund. That way, no one can steal your check out of your mailbox or somehow re-route a paper payment.

Online Thieves

Be especially careful if you’re preparing your taxes on a website. Before you even begin, investigate the publisher’s security protocols to ensure that your very sensitive tax-related data will be treated with great care. Also, update any applications that will be involved, including your browser and antivirus/anti-malware tools.

The IRS will never send you an email out of the blue asking you to click a link or download an attachment or fill in fields to update personal information. In fact, it’s a good idea to avoid taking those actions anytime unless you’re expecting an email and can verify the sender’s address.

Finally, use a very strong, unique password, one you don’t use anywhere else. You’re probably tired of hearing that piece of advice, but it’s absolutely critical when you’re working with a tax preparation application.

Take Action Quickly

It’s possible to get stung by a tax identity thief even if you’re being careful. If it happens to you, you’ll need to complete and submit IRS Form 14039, Identity Theft Affidavit, and watch for responses from the agency. Contact your credit bureaus and financial institutions to apprise them of the situation. Tax identity thieves sometimes try to open new credit cards, for example. You should also file a report with the FTC.

Recovering from tax identity theft isn’t a quick process nor an easy one. If you have questions about it or simply want to talk to us about your year-round tax planning and preparation process, be sure to contact us.

Do You Need to Worry About Being Audited?

The question has probably crossed your mind this tax season. What’s the reality?

Unless you filed an extension, it’s likely that your annual tax preparation marathon is over. Whether you did your taxes yourself or had a professional complete your return, you probably breathed a sigh of relief as they were filed.

At the same time, you may have been thinking about some tax-related issues that weren’t so pleasant. Did I declare all my income? Was I entitled to the deductions I claimed? What about credits? Should I really have taken them?

And then the big, ugly one hits: What if I get audited?

Multiple Reasons

Even if you are certain you completed your forms and schedules with absolute accuracy, here’s some bad news: You can be audited if your return is chosen at random, or as the result of the IRS’s computer screening. The latter looks at your numbers and compares them to what is considered the “norm” for returns similar to yours.

Hopefully, you won’t have to revisit your 2016 tax return. A random audit is possible, though.

You can be audited if you have investors or business partners who’ve been selected for audits. The IRS also looks for specific red flags, such as unusually high or low numbers in certain areas, as well as other situations.

Communicating with the IRS

If you’re selected for an audit, how will you find out? The answer to that question is very important. The IRS will only notify you via a letter that arrives in the U.S. Mail. The IRS will not email you nor call you on the phone.

Imposters claiming to represent the IRS have scammed hundreds if not thousands of people via phone or email contact. These scammers often insist that you owe money (even if you don’t believe you do) and that you must settle your debt immediately or face dire penalties.

In the case of email, scammers may not even ask for money. They want any personal information they can get about you, especially your Social Security number. For example, they may ask you to  validate your personal information. Never click on any links or open any attachments in such messages. If you’d like, you can report it to phishing@irs.gov.

How Audits Work

You won’t necessarily be sitting across a desk from an IRS agent for an audit, though you may be. Some audits are conducted in person, at places like:

  • An IRS field office
  • An accountant’s office
  • Your home, or
  • Your place of business

Sometimes, audits are even conducted long distance through the mail.

What You’ll Need

Obviously, the IRS is going to want to see documentation for the information you provided on your tax return, records of income, expenses, itemized deductions, etc. This is why you’re urged to take such care with your historical tax returns. The IRS recommends that you keep copies of everything for at least three years from the date of filing. This includes things like receipts and bills, canceled checks, medical and dental records, and legal papers.

The IRS can require a six-year history for audits if it finds what it calls a “substantial error.” But if you’re going to be audited, it’s more likely to be within two years.

Three Possible Conclusions

What happens when the audit is complete?

  • No Change. The IRS determines that there were no errors or misstatements in your return.
  • The IRS finds reason to make changes to your return, and you agree that they’re warranted.
  • The IRS finds reason to make changes to your return, but you don’t agree with their findings.

With the third situation, you have three options. You can go through the IRS’s Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) program, which provides mediation services. You can file an appeal. You can also simply request a conference with an IRS manager.

Regardless, don’t attempt to  go through an IRS audit alone. If you’re selected, Squire can walk you through the entire process and give you the professional representation you should have.

Paying Estimated Taxes? When You Should

It’s not just the self-employed who must submit estimated taxes. IRS obligations are pay-as-you-go.

Much as we may grumble about them, estimated taxes and payroll withholding are good things. Imagine preparing your taxes in April having not paid in anything through the 12-month tax period. Chances are, a large percentage of taxpayers would be filing extensions (which doesn’t get you off the hook for paying by the April deadline: You’re still expected to submit an estimate of the tax due).

If you’re a salaried or hourly employee of a company, it’s up to your employer to collect and submit an estimate of your income tax obligation every pay period, based on the withholding information you provided on your W-4.

1040-es 2017

The number of allowances you claim affects how much money is taken from each paycheck for taxes. If an insufficient amount is withheld, you may need to pay estimated taxes to avoid penalties.

But if you’re a freelancer or contractor who has no money withheld, the burden is on you. The IRS expects you to do the same thing an employer would: periodically (every three months) make a payment that approximates what you would owe for that quarter. Then, like everyone else, you’ll include that information when you prepare your income taxes, at which time you’ll either get a refund or have to pay in.

Warning: We’ll tell you up front: Calculating estimated taxes is difficult, and the IRS rules and exceptions are complex. If you’ve never gone through this process before, or if your financial situation is changing in 2017, we recommend you gather up your income and expenses, and let us help you with this.

Everyone Is Subject

What this means is that the IRS expects all taxpayers to keep up with their taxes throughout the year. If you’re not having enough taken out of your paycheck, you should be submitting estimated taxes. You’ll avoid paying penalties, and you probably won’t have to file an extension.

Even if your withholding is working well for you, there may be times when you have extra money coming in because of things like alimony, interest and dividends, and prizes. You’ll need to factor this into your income. If you’re a sole proprietor, partner, or S corporation shareholder, and you believe you will owe $1,000 or more in taxes for the 2017 tax year, you’re expected to make quarterly payments. For corporations, the cutoff amount is $500.

Note: The IRS has different requirements for farmers, fishermen, certain household employers, and some high-income taxpayers.


Unless you’re paying electronically, you’ll need to visit this IRS page to print your estimated tax vouchers.

A Complex Calculation

Unfortunately, there’s no magic formula for calculating the estimated taxes you should pay every quarter. That’s why they call them “estimated.” And changes to the tax code aren’t finalized by Congress until the end of the year, by which time you should have made three payments (April 18, June 15, and September 15, 2017; your final quarterly payment is due January 16, 2018).

You can use the worksheet that the IRS supplies (you’ll find payment vouchers here, too). If you’re using accounting software or a website, it’ll be much easier to assemble the numbers. (And if you’re still doing your accounting manually, we can help get you set up with a solution that works for you.) If your financial situation hasn’t changed much since the previous year, you could use your most recent return as a model.

The IRS offers multiple ways to make your quarterly estimated payments electronically. In fact, the agency encourages it.


Don’t Forget State

Do you live in a state that requires you to pay income taxes? If so, you’ll need to check with your state tax agency to see how to handle state estimated taxes. The Small Business Administration (SBA) maintains an online directory that you can consult to locate the appropriate website.

There’s no reason to add penalties to your tax bill when paying estimated taxes can help you avoid that. We’ll be happy to consult with you so you understand your obligation and can fulfill it.



Squire & Company, PC Announces Managing Partner Change And New Partner Additions

Press Release

OREM, UT – MARCH 8, 2017:  Squire and Company, PC has recently announced a Managing Partner change this upcoming year, and the addition of two new Partners effective immediately. Squire and Company is pleased to announce that Jonyce J. Bullock, CPA will assume the position of Managing Partner, effective January 1, 2018. Bullock succeeds K. Tim Larsen, CPA, who has led Squire and Company as its Managing Partner since 2004.  Tim Larsen will continue with the firm as an Advisory and Tax Partner.

Jonyce J. Bullock, CPA


K. Tim Larsen, CPA


“It has been an honor to serve as Managing Partner for the past 13 years,” says Larsen. “The growth and progression of the firm have been outstanding the past 43 years, and I know it will continue to make leaps and bounds under the direction of Jonyce Bullock.”

As the new Managing Partner, Jonyce will play a key role in the strategic direction of the firm, as well as implement new plans for growth and development for the firm and its employees. “I started with Squire as an intern 17 years ago,” says Bullock. “As I have grown with the firm it has been amazing to see the firm stay true to its core values while maintaining a competitive edge in the accounting world. I want to continue to maintain the core values at Squire while finding new ways to provide better service to our partners and clients.”

Bullock now 39, is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and the Utah Association of Certified Public Accountants (UACPA). Jonyce recently completed four years of service on the Executive Board of the UACPA, including a term as the President.  She also serves on the AICPA Champions Task Force for the Women’s Initiatives Executive Committee. In 2011, Jonyce was awarded the AICPA Women to Watch – Emerging Leader Award.  She has also been recognized by Utah Business Magazine as a 30 Women to Watch leader, and a Top 40 under 40 Accountant by CPA Practice Advisor. Jonyce holds a Masters of Accountancy from Brigham Young University.



Squire and Company, PC is also pleased to announce the addition of two new Partners; Reuben M. Cook and Joe B. Hillstead.


Reuben Cook

Reuben Cook, CPA, CGMA, CITP

Reuben M. Cook, CPA, CGMA, CITP has recently been named as an Advisory Partner at Squire & Company, PC. He is the chair of Squire’s Wholesale and Distribution industry group and co-leads the firm’s NetSuite services.  Reuben primarily provides CFO Services, ERP Services, and best practice Process Consulting from both a business and technology perspective.  He is known for advising wholesale and distribution companies through their rapid growth, global expansion, and ERP advancements; and syncing the processes between accounting and operations.  Reuben holds a Masters of Accountancy from Brigham Young University.




Joe Hillstead

Joe B. Hillstead, CPA

Joe B. Hillstead, CPA has recently been named as a Tax Partner at Squire & Company, PC. Joe has over 12 years of experience working with clients on a broad range of tax issues and specializes in corporate income tax matters including mergers, acquisitions, and reorganizations.  He also specializes in the U.S. taxation of international transactions, including transfer pricing.  Joe provides consulting and compliance services, primarily focusing on federal and state income taxes for public and private companies, including accounting for income taxes under ASC 740.  Joe received his Bachelors and Masters of Accountancy from Brigham Young University and joined Squire in 2014. Prior to working at Squire, Joe worked for ten years with PwC in Southern California and Washington D.C. serving clients in multiple industries.



About Squire and Company, PC:

Located in Orem, Utah – Squire and Company, PC or Squire, is a forward-thinking CPA firm dedicated to serving businesses in the Mountain West. Squire is a privately held accounting firm that has been voted one of the Best Firms to Work For by Accounting Today. Squire has also been voted one of the Top 25 Accounting Firms in Utah as well as one of the Best Utah Businesses to Work For. For over four decades, Squire has focused their strategies and experience on providing a higher perspective and smarter vision.


Christopher Miller

1329 S. 800 E. Orem, Utah, 84097




House Border Adjustment Tax


President Trump has taken a populist approach to tax reform by linking pro-growth tax reform and regulatory relief to a preservation of U.S. domestic manufacturing jobs.

In addition, House Republicans released a 35-page tax reform plan (the “Blueprint”) that proposes to lower corporate and pass-through business tax rates, reduce individual tax rates, and provide full expensing for certain business costs under a border-adjustable destination-based cash-flow business tax system (“House Border Adjustment Tax”). In addition, the Blueprint would move the United States from a worldwide international tax system to a “territorial” dividend-exemption system.


House Border Adjustment Tax

As it currently stands, the United States assesses income tax on a worldwide basis for domestic taxpayers. By imposing a Border Adjustment Tax, the United States would shift towards a territorial taxing system and potentially lower the corporate tax rate to 20 percent.
Goods produced domestically in the United States and then exported would no longer be subject to income tax in the United States. However, foreign goods that were produced internationally and imported to the United States for sale would be subject to U.S. income tax. Under the Blueprint, all capital expenses would be fully expensed and net interest payments would not be deductible,eliminating a preference for debt financing instead of equity financing. The domestic production activities deduction would also be eliminated. However, the Blueprint maintains the current law for the research credit.
The policy behind the tax is that profits would more accurately reflect the location of the goods consumed. This would reduce the incentive for U.S. companies to create tax inversions in order to shift profits to low-tax countries.
The shift in tax is illustrated in the table below:

Current Tax Code

Tax Code with Border Adjustment Tax

Importing Foreign Goods to Sell in the United States

Not Taxed


Exporting Goods Produced in the United States to sell in Foreign Countries


Not Taxed




Despite similarities, the Border Adjustment Tax is not the same reform that President Trump has considered implementing. However, due to the movement that the proposal has had within the House of Representatives, it has received a large amount of attention. The theory behind President Trump’s proposal is much like that of the Border Adjustment Tax except that his reform is applied by a different tax that would be imposed on foreign goods sold in the United States.
The border adjustment proposal has faced criticism from import-dependent industries concerned that the border adjustment would increase the price of their products to U.S. consumers. Many market analysts believe the Border Adjustment Tax would strengthen the value of the U.S. dollar, thereby lowering the cost of imported products so that there could be little or no net change in the after-tax cost of imports, and thus no significant increase in consumer costs arising from the border adjustment.
The Border Adjustment Tax would remove current law incentives to locate business activities outside of the United States in an effort to reduce U.S. tax liability. In combination with full expensing, the Blueprint could provide strong incentives for businesses to increase their U.S. activities, both for production of goods and services for U.S. consumers and for exporting to foreign customers. However, the effectiveness of the Border Adjustment Tax remains the subject of much debate.



Waiting Game

The Border Adjustment Tax is not currently in place. In fact, there isn’t even a legislative bill yet. It is currently a proposal in the House of Representatives. Orrin Hatch stated “We’ll basically need universal Republican support to pass anything through reconciliation. That’s difficult to accomplish under any circumstances, let alone on something as complicated as tax reform.” Currently, U.S. importers are watching to see if the proposal will progress through the House.


Let’s Talk

If you believe this issue may directly affect your business, please contact:

Benjamin Everitt

Tax Senior Associate

+1 (801) 494-6098



Joe Spillner

Tax Supervisor

+1 (801) 494-6088



Joe Hillstead

Tax Partner

+1 (801) 494-6072